In the world, Japan is the most civilized and modern country. In addition to attracting many visitors every year, this place is also an ideal study abroad destination. We also learn more information about the land of the rising sun. To learn more about the culture and people here.
Overview of the country of Japan
Japan (referred to as Japan, Japan, Japan National is the official name). Is an island located in East Asia. The total area is 379.954 km2. The world ranks 60th, and is located east of the Asian continent.
Japan is a country with a temperate climate and has four distinct seasons a year. Along the length of the country, each region will have a different climate. In addition, Japan is also known as an archipelago of volcanoes. There are currently 4 active volcanoes and 186 islands.
According to estimates, Japan's population ranks 10th in the world with about 126.9 million people. One and surrounding prefectures and capital Tokyo is the largest metropolitan area in the world. With a population of about 35 million, it is the 8th most populous city in the OECD. It is also home to the most developed urban economy on the planet.
Japan is also known as the land of the rising sun or the land of mourning. According to ancient legend, the hollow mulberry tree is also known as khong tang or phu tang. This place was the resting place before the sun god's journey from East to West.
Administrative unit of the country of Japan
Japan's 10 largest cities include: Hiroshima, Tokyo, Sapporo, Kyoto, Osaka, Naha, Fukuoka, Nagoya, Nikko and Yokohama.
Besides, Japan also has 47 To - Dou - Fu - Ken (meaning Do - Dao - Phu - District). Including 1 Capital (Tokyo), 1 Dao (Hokkaido), 2 Palaces (Osaka and Kyoto) and 43 districts.
In the world, Japan's market economy is currently ranked 3rd. Although natural resources are poor, in areas such as shipbuilding, iron and steel production and development, weapons production, and manufacturing. cars… Again the leading country in the world.
Japan had $192 billion in total economic output in 1940 (in USD terms in 1990). Compared to countries like France, it is 163 billion USD, the UK is 316 billion USD, the Soviet Union is 417 USD, Germany is 387 billion USD…
JPY (Japanese Yen) is the currency of Japan. According to the exchange rate, 1 JPY will be equal to 206 VND, 1 Man will be 10.000 Yen (and equivalent to about 2 million VND), 1 Sen will be equal to 1.000 Yen (and equivalent to about 200.000 VND).
Climate and weather in Japan
Japan is located in a temperate climate with four distinct seasons: spring - summer - autumn - winter. The temperature and humidity in the summer (from June to August) is relatively high here. In addition, the amount of rain is quite large, so that this place often suffers from natural disasters. For example: earthquake, tsunami, flood.
However, thanks to the ever-evolving technology. Possible bad situations will be measured and predicted by geologists across the country.
Japan will be immersed in snow in winter (from December to February). Sometimes the temperature drops below -12 degrees Celsius.
Commonly used language
Japanese is the most commonly used language in Japan. There are many different intonations of this language. In which the main language derived from the Tokyo dialect is the standard language. The language is spoken in the Amami Islands and in Okinawa. It is a special language that is different from the Japanese language.
In the past several other languages belonged to the Tungus family. Used in the south of Sakhalin Island. For example, Evenki and Orok languages and Nivkh languages are languages of unknown origin.
After the entire Sakhalin island was occupied by the Soviet Union, a part of the people moved to Japan. In addition, the Ainu people of Hokkaido used Ainu, which is also a language other than Japanese. The use of Japanese became increasingly popular starting from the Meiji period. As a result, Ainu is slowly disappearing and is a rare language that needs to be preserved and preserved.
About Japanese people
According to the 2017 census, Japan has a total population of 126.9 million. Compared to the world accounted for about 1.68%. The Japanese are very resilient, healthy, they can stand to work all day even women. Or even they still work hard when they are 70 to 80 years old. Because they love to work, not because they are greedy for money. This is also the reason why the Japanese are called Labor animal in the world.
Japanese people have a very special character. Perhaps thanks to this personality, the Japanese have turned the harsh climate and poor resources. Become the 3rd largest power in the world.
- Japanese people are often curious and very sensitive to foreign cultures. To be able to keep up with that trend, they always work hard to learn and explore.
- For Japanese people, education level will be the most important thing. In addition, income, social status, and family status are not important.
- Their national identity is always kept, but for new modern cultures they are still ready to accept.
- One of the things that cannot be found in other eastern countries is the very high spirit of teamwork. The common will be enhanced and the individual ego will be put aside at work.
- There are times when they will compete fiercely, but there are times when they want to achieve a common goal, they are willing to shake hands with each other.
- The Japanese do not like confrontation, especially personal confrontation. They may ignore the truth to preserve harmony. For them, the key is peace, unity, prestige and face.
- Loyalty and hard work are Japanese virtues.
Ethnic groups in Japan
Currently, Japan has 3 ethnic groups living together including:
The Yamato (Wajin) people used to live in the Hondo region (present-day Shikoku, Honshu, Kyushu). Today, most of the people of Japan are descendants of this nation.
The island of Hokkaido and a number of islands are stretched from Hokkaido to Russia. It is the main living place of the Ainu ethnic group. The customs and language of the Ainu people are completely different from those of the Yamato (Japanese Hondo).
The Meiji government began to explore Hokkaido in 1868-1912. Started making this land its territory by bringing people here to live. The Ainu natives were later granted citizenship by the Meiji government. And they were granted Japanese citizenship.
Okinawa province of the Amami Islands is inhabited by the Ryukyu people. In present-day Kagoshima Prefecture. Compared to the Yamato people, the Ryukyu people also have completely different customs and languages. Thanks to the trade with China, the Ryukyu people have become a very prosperous and developed kingdom.
The Ryukyu Kingdom was invaded during the Edo period, Satsuma-han in 1609. Was made a vassal of Japan. The Ryukyu Kingdom was abolished from the Meiji period in 1871 under the Edo period. The area under Hondo's administration was located Okinawa and the Ryukyu kingdom became part of Japan.
Religions and beliefs
In terms of religion, Japan is the most complicated country in the world. Two religions are dominant in Japan: Buddhism with related organizations and Shinto - Shinto.
Confucianism is also very respected by the Japanese. However, for them Confucianism does not follow the moral standards compared to religion.
Customs and culture
For the greeting culture
Whether in daily life or in study, work, party... At the beginning or the end, the bow will also accompany the greeting of the Japanese.
The rules that the Japanese always follow:
- Whoever sees first will say hello first.
- Young people or subordinates will greet first.
- The habit of shaking hands does not exist in the Japanese. However, it is not rude to shake hands.
The basic Japanese greeting is: two people will stand at a distance from each other, lower their bodies from 20 degrees to 30 degrees, hold the posture for 2 seconds to 3 seconds. Bring your hands together at the bottom of the body bow to women and hold nothing. Will stand up and bow if sitting in a chair.
Or 2 hands will be placed on the floor if sitting on the floor, the hands will be face down and 10 to 20 cm apart. Head lowered to the floor about 10 to 15cm.
For the sorry culture
In Japan, deep apology is expressed by the act of kneeling close to the ground. However, this act in foreign countries is considered worship. It makes no sense to be linked to apologizing.
About the traditional dress
Kimono is known as the traditional dress of the Japanese people. In Japanese, Kimono is understood to mean something to wear.
Currently, according to the nature of work as well as international integration. Kimono not used in daily wear like before. But only used at festivals, holidays, weddings... Kimono of women are often worn and have outstanding patterns and colors. In contrast, the men's Kimono will not have patterns and dark colors.
The most special thing is that there is only one size for women's Kimono suits. There are two types of Kimono: short sleeve and wide sleeve. People who want to wear can choose according to their preferences. In the summer, Japanese people often wear Yukata from cotton fabric to help breathe and light.
Yukata is not allowed in crowded and formal places. Because it is similar to the pajamas of the old style
Culinary culture of the land of the rising sun
The first dish when it comes to Japanese cuisine is Sushi, the most famous dish. Made from many different ingredients. For example: crab, shrimp, fish, vegetables ... are wrapped with sugar, vinegar, salt ...
Sushi is a very diverse dish, the part of rice mixed with vinegar is the same thing. Famous dishes in Japan can be mentioned such as: Tempura, Sushi & Sashimi, Soba noodles, Udon noodles, Ramen noodles... If you have a chance to come to Japan, try these dishes. .
In the culture of eating
Before starting to eat, the Japanese will wait for a large number of family members. Then will wait for the elders who will have their meal first. You should also remember not to sit alone and sit down first.
“Thank you everyone” or “Drink the cup” will be said together. Also before starting the meal people will thank the animals and plants. Having exchanged its life, they have a good meal by saying Ramen noodles."
When eating rice, still keep the habit of using chopsticks. However, chopsticks should not be placed in the vertical direction but in the horizontal direction. According to the Japanese concept, it is not good to put chopsticks straight at others. Abstain from picking or picking at food. What you need to pay attention to is not to leave leftovers on the table, this is impolite behavior.
Japanese daily life người
The Japanese way of life is extremely orderly and meticulous. Compared with European and American private houses, Japanese houses are smaller. Instead of choosing to live in private houses, the Japanese choose to live in apartments.
Through furniture, and home decorations show their simple lifestyle. It is because their country is often heavily affected by natural disasters. So they keep the furniture in the house as minimalist as possible. The simplicity and sophistication still exudes the beauty of the space.
Watches are indispensable items in daily life of Japanese people. Because punctuality as well as time is an issue that they are extremely concerned about.
The issue of regulation in society is always a top priority for all Japanese. For each person's subconscious, it is already ingrained. Promises are taken very seriously by them and they will not make them if they are not sure. For the Japanese, breaking a promise is the most taboo thing.
In the tea ceremony culture
One of the typical Japanese culture is the tea ceremony. The whole world has to admire its sophistication and sophistication. The rules in making tea and drinking tea, the tea ceremony culture is not simply rules. And those are their own values.
Through 4 words Hoa - Kinh - Thanh - Tinh to express the tea ceremony. Inside that "harmony" is the harmony between nature and people. “Respect” is the respect for the love for parents, friends and children. "Thanh" nine is pure and pure soul. “Pure” means quiet silence to bring people lightness and comfort.
The culture of Japan is special with a lot of strange customs and rituals. Therefore, you need to note the following taboos when coming to Japan:
- Absolutely do not stick chopsticks into the rice bowl while eating.
- At night avoid cutting toenails.
- The number 4 is a number that the Japanese are very taboo, because the number 4 is pronounced death. That is why you should not do anything or give gifts to the Japanese, so it is related to the unlucky number 4.
- You should avoid eating while walking.
- At night avoid whistling.
- If you need to give gifts to Japanese people, you should avoid handkerchiefs. Because it shows that you want to sever the relationship, so you do it.
- Do not pick up food or pass it on to others with chopsticks.
- You should use two hands and bow your head when receiving or giving something to others, especially to the elderly. This is Japanese culture.
- You should not tip the wait staff. Because if you give tips, it means they are not serving properly and customers are not satisfied with their services.
- If you do not want to be fined, you should not throw garbage on the street.
- On the train, you should not talk too loudly. Because it is rude and disrespectful, especially when talking too loudly.
All information about the country of the rising sun - Japan has been fully shared by the article. With what the article provides, I hope it will help you in your future plans.